Showing posts with label Animals in Indonesia. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Animals in Indonesia. Show all posts

Tuna fish as the mainstay of Indonesia

Indonesia is a country that has many islands sea area certainly have a wider range than the land area of Indonesia. Indonesia's natural resources are certainly more that comes from the sea. The resources of the sea one is Tuna.

As explained in wikipedia Indonesia, Tuna is a marine fish that is composed of several species of the family Scombridae, mostly the genus Thunnus. This fish is a powerful swimmer (never measured reached 77 km/h). Unlike most fish have white meat tuna, pork pink to dark red. This is because the muscles of tuna contains more myoglobin than other fish. Some of the larger tuna species, such as bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus), can raise the temperature of blood, above the water temperature with muscle activity. This led to them can live in colder water and can survive in a variety of conditions. Most large-bodied, tuna fish that has a high commercial value.

Tuna is a commercial fish, fisheries catch an important commodity. The NGO International Seafood Sustainability Foundation has compiled a detailed report about the world tuna stocks in 2009, which is revised on a regular basis. According to the report, "These kinds of tuna paramount to capture fisheries and sport fishing is big eye tuna, yellowfin, tuna-bluefin and albacore, tatihu, and skipjack tuna. Between the 1940s and the mid-1960s, the world fisheries catches against the five most important tuna species has increased from approximately 300 thousand tons per year to around a million, most of them with a fishing line.

With the development of technologies to capture tool trawl ring (purse-seine), in recent years catches have surged to more than 4 million tonnes per year. About 68 per cent of that number coming from the Pacific Ocean, 22 percent of the Indian Ocean, and the remaining 10 per cent is divided between the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. Skipjack catches up to 60%, followed by the yellowfin (24%), large eyes (10%) and albacore (5%). Approximately 62% of world production is captured by using the trawl ring, amounting to 14% by using fishing line rawai tuna (longline), 11% with fishing line huhate (pole and line), the rest with others. In 2006 Australia Government alleged that Japan had been harvesting of tuna in excess (the situation) and illegal, to capture the 12-20 thousand tons per year, well above the agreed quota of 6 thousand tons per year. The value of the excess catch it dates to reach 2 billion dollars (u.s.). Advantages of the arrest is alleged to have destructive bluefin stock.

Pic : Kaskus
The best quality Tuna Indonesia, this statement was delivered by Daisie Chef from the restaurant Kappodan in the Blok M Kebayoran Baru, Jakarta, West, an outspoken demonstrate slice tuna in Japan show 2011 at the Hotel Nikko Maitsuri, Sudirman, Central Jakarta at Friday (18/9/2011). The use of longer, Indonesia has the quality of tuna fish with meats are best.

 "Meat of tuna fish have soft, Indonesia's famous tuna fish differs from that we get from other countries," he said.

Chef Daisie back reveals, "meat of tuna that's in addition to the soft texture of the tuna fish, Indonesia is also sweet and not easily eneg. Taste fishy from the fish very soft. "

Javanese Eagle The mighty

Javanese Eagle The mighty
Javanese Eagle
Bird Javanese Eagle (Spizaetus bartelsi) is a species of medium-sized Eagle endemic to (the original species) in Java. This animal is considered to be identical to the coat of arms of the Republic of Indonesia, Garuda. And since 1992, it was set up as endangered mascot of Indonesia.

The first time I saw the bird sighting Javanese-eagle is directly in the middle of 2008 around the surface of the water Reservoir Karangkates in South Malang, East Java. Alas, until now I haven't had the opportunity to witness it for the second time.
Physically, the Javanese-eagle has a prominent Crest as much as 2-4 strands with lenght reaches 12 cm in diameter, hence the Javanese Eagle, also known as Jambul Eagle (the tuft-Java language). Adult body size (from tip of beak to tip of tail) of about 60-70 cm, feathers dark brown  on the back and wings. Carbon dark brown on the breast and streaked with thick dark brown on the belly. The tail is brownish black striped.
When flying, the Javanese-eagle is almost similar to the Eagle (Spizaetus cirrhatus) form of light, but tends to appear more brownish, with the stomach look darker and slightly smaller. The voice sounds high, over and over again, klii-iiw or ii-iiiw, varying between one to three syllables. Or sound high pitched and fast kli-kli-kli-kli-kli-kli-kli. A bit much, his voice is similar to the Eagle's voice even though the difference is quite clear in its tone.
The other picture, highlight the eyes and vision are very sharp, stout, wing wings beaked strong, empowered cruising height, and when silence body muscular and authoritative. The "males" that's the impression that perhaps inspire 12 countries showing the figure of a bird on his flag. With 19 other countries, Indonesia is even wearing a body as a symbol of the country with the mythological bird garuda
Javanese-eagle in the air
The population of birds in the wild is estimated at Java lived 600 tails. World Conservation bodies of the United Nations mengategorikannya endangered. Convention on international trade for the Flora and Fauna are endangered include them in Appendix 1, which means organizing extra tight trading. Based on the latest keterancaman of the IUCN criteria, the Javanese-eagle is listed in the category of Endangered or Threatened (Collar et al., 1994, Shannaz et al., 1995). Through a Presidential Decree Number 4 in 1993 about the Wildlife and national flower, the Government of INDONESIA confirmed the Javanese-eagle as endangered in aerospace.
Eagle Habitat is limited to Java in Java, especially in areas with old-growth forests and wooded hills in the area at the turn of the lowlands to the mountains.
Even today, the habitat of this bird is getting narrowed due to the lack of forest ecosystems resulting from the destruction caused by humans, the effects of global warming, and the impact of pesticides. In West Java, the Javanese-eagle is only found in Radiant Mountain, Mount Salak, Mount Gede Pangrango, Papandayan, Patuha and Mount Halimun.
In Central Java in Java Eagle Mount Slamet, Mount Ungaran, Mount Muria, Mount Merapi and mount Lawu, while in East Java in the Merubetiri, the Baluran, Alas Purwo National Park, Bromo-Tengger-Semeru, Wilis and About HYDROPOWER Dam Karangkates.

Rare animals in Indonesia with the protect Act :
Number 18 of 2009

  1. that the animal as a gift and mandate of God Almighty has an important role in the provision of food of animal origin and the results of other animals as well as services for human pemanfataannya needs to be directed to the welfare of society;
  2. that the intent necessary to achieve organized animal health that protect the health of humans and animals and their ecosystems as prerequisites to organize farm forward, empowered and sustainable competitiveness, as well as the provision of safe food, healthy, intact, and halal necessitating in power use to prosperity and the well-being of the community;
  3. that with the development of an autonomous region and the demands of globalization, regulations perundang an invitation in the field of animal husbandry and animal health policies currently doesn't fit anymore as the legal basis for the Organization of farm and animal health;
  4. that based on the considerations referred to in letter a, letter b, and the letter c, to form The Laws about Breeding and animal health;

To download legislation click here

Written from a variety of sources.
Source image: ,

Cucak Rowo Bird

Bird cucakrowo or cucakrawa is one of the members of the friarbird. Vented or also called cucak-cucakan (java-language) (family Pycnonotidae) are a tribe of passerine from Africa and tropical Asia. These birds have the most mellifluous voices and chants are varied, often being a fuss by forest mainly her voice in the morning and afternoon. In the United Kingdom, the birds is known as the Bulbuls.

The original merbah in Malay refers to several types of passerine furry bleak in scrub, including species of birds-deer, tepus, bentet and others. Here, for the sake of standardization of terminology as used LIPI, the photograph used is limited to calling the birds of the family Pycnonotidae. Also called the Brown Shrike, the birds of the family has several other general term like friarbird (Java); tempuruk, empuruk; tempulu ', empulu ', pampulu, empuloh (various Malay in Sumatra and Kalimantan); and others.

Medium-sized, these birds are usually somewhat sleek-bodied, short neck, and tail is rather long. Often subtle bermisai.

Some species have bright colours: yellow, Orange, red, on the chest, abdomen or around his body. However most shadowy olive brown, greyish or yellowish, with yellow, orange or red in his ass. Male and female are similar.

Some with black on the head, the crest that can be digerak-move, or a white beard.

Brown Shrike is primarily a bird-eating fruit and insects. In the forest, most birds love to roam the grasslands and open woodlands half, picking fruit from a large small and hunt insects. Although some prefer to stay on top of the trees.
Often found in pairs or in groups, these birds are sometimes mixed with other types. Many voiced loud calling each other.

Brown Shrike nest in trees or shrubs, in the form of a cup of grass, leaves, stalks or incised leaves, mixed with other fibers. Egg 2-3 rounds.


In Indonesia there are 27 species, primarily concentrated its spread in the western part of Indonesia. Only two species are spread far to South Sulawesi, one of which is also available in Lombok. However the two allegedly spread because brought humankind (feral, the later spin-off birds breed).

But strangely enough there was one of the members of this tribe spread limited (endemic) on the Islands around Sulawesi and Maluku, Brinji gold (Alophoixus affinis (Hypsipetes)). Even as living in the area of islands that are isolated from each other over millions of years, this species has evolved into nine different subspecies.
Some examples of this in addition to the tribe members vented cucak rowo (Pycnonotus zeylanicus) is a bulbul (p. melanicterus), Friarbird-headed bulbul (p. aurigaster), Orange-spotted bulbul (p. bimaculatus), yellow-vented bulbul (p. goiavier), olive-winged bulbul (p. plumosus) and Empuloh beard (Alophoixus bres).

Common bulbul is known as cucakrawa, cangkurawah (Sundanese), and barau-barau (Malay). In the United Kingdom called the Straw-headed Bulbul, referring to the colour of the head are a pale straw-yellow. The scientific name is Pycnonotus zeylanicus (Gmelin, 1789).

Medium-sized birds, the total body length (measured from tip of beak to tip of tail) of about 28 cm has a Crown (the top of the head) and an orange-colored earplugs or pale straw-yellow; continuous strip on the side of the Chin and the bridle lines across the eyes is black. Olive-brown dorsal bercoret-white streak, wings and tail are greenish or olive-brownish green. The Chin and the throat is white or whitish; the neck and chest grey-white bercoret; Grey, abdomen and buttocks are yellow. Iris reddish-colored, Black beak and feet are dark brown, ...

As the name suggests, the straw-headed bulbul is commonly found in swamps and marshes and swamps around the River, or on the edge of the forest. Often hiding behind foliage and only heard his voice.

The sound is heavier and harder than generally cucak and vented. Clear, clear whistles, raw rhythmic melodious. Often times sounding bersahut-sahutan.

In nature, these birds feed on insects, snails, and various fruits are soft fruit such as figs types.

In the lowlands and hills in the Malay Peninsula, Sumatra (includes Nias), Borneo, and the western part of Java. In Indonesia there are up to an altitude of 800 m above sea level, but is now already very rare due to poaching.

It is one of the very popular as a pet bird, due to the melodious booms. In Java, it's been very much dwindled the population due to hunting scene since the early ' 80s.

The birds listed in Java with most imported from Sumatra and Borneo. Now in many parts of the island of Sumatra (for instance in Jambi, along the stems of Bungo) one population continue to be ebbing. Collar et al. (MacKinnon et al., 1994, in 2000) classifies population bulbul into vulnerable status. Similarly the IUCN stated that this bird is Vulnerable (VU, Vulnerable). Descriptions of the conservation status of the more detailed can be seen on the IUCN site below.

If there is no better rescue measures from now on, perhaps some years into the future these birds just lived memories; living mentioned in song as in the Villages Cucakrowo in Java.

In general there is no difference in the volume of voice types, attitudes and based by region of origin/habitation. Cucakrowo Sumatra and Kalimantan have good minded individuals, there is a volume of great thin-voiced, some were and some were voiced ropel. Physically, the relative areas of Sumatra cucakrowo is larger than the other islands. However, in general body cucakrowo in Borneo who entered Malaysia region, such as bongsor-bodied cucakrowo Sumatra.

Captive Cucak rowo BIRD was in Tumpang  Malang in East Java province. This area is the area in the East Malang lies about 11 KM from the city of Malang is one of the flagship regional tourism Government of Malang.

There are some important things to note in the selection of materials or going on a bird cucakrowo.
  1. Body Posture. Choose a material with berpostur large elongated neck, body and long tail and legs are mismatched. Please choose the material closely, generally short and berpostur small body.
  2. Form of the beak, we recommend that you choose a half width of the shape, thick-stemmed, large and long. Bottom half should be straight. Don't choose materials that have crooked beaks. The position of the nostrils select as close as possible to the position of the eye.
  3. Wings and strong legs mencengkram meetings, this indicates that healthy ingredients. Color of the legs does not affect the attitudes of birds.
  4. Agile and lust for a great meal. This is the material characteristics of good minded individuals.
  5. This represents the sound, Diligent bird has bright prospects.
  6. Long neck solid contains. Indicates the bird would emit power voice to its full potential.
  • Venue: Cucakrowo could be maintained with a square box with the size at length 45-60 cm high by 60-70 cm. whilst the perch or a perched bird can be made from the wood of an acid with a diameter of 1.5 cm.
  • Feed: same as other birds in General, the feed menu requires cucakrowo virtual so that the sufficiency of the nutrients, vitamins and mineralnya. Good feed, in addition to complete nutrisinya like protein, carbohydrates, as well as his complete such as vitamins A, D3, E, B1, B2, B3 (Nicotimanide), B6, B12, C and Hse. In addition, the need to also contain essential substances such as D-Methionine L-Lysine HCl, I, Folic Acid (is in fact a form of vitamin B) and Ca-D
 In addition to vitamins, it is necessary also the adequacy of minerals. The minerals required in the formation of bone, blood and body fluid balance, nerve function in healthy, heart blood vessel system function and others. Like vitamins, minerals to function as a ko-enzyme, allowing the body to perform its functions such as producing energy, growth and healing.
That includes the required mineral cucakrowo bird is Calcium, Phosphor, Iron, Iodium Manganase, Cuprum, Zinccum, Magnesium, Sodium, and Potassium Chlorin.