Showing posts with label Indonesia Natural Materials. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Indonesia Natural Materials. Show all posts

The amphibious condition in Indonesia

The amphibious condition in Indonesia
The lates i'am sharre about Indonesia natural materials, this is The amphibious condition in Indonesia
The amphibious condition in Indonesia was a misnomer. On the one hand, Indonesia is one of the regions with wealth (a good number of populations, species, as well as additional medical) amphibians is very high. But on the other hand the wealth not only many are endangered but also much that is not known.

Amphibians (Amphibian also called) is a group of animals in the class Amphibia that is generally defined as a backboned animals (vertebrates) that live in two worlds, namely the water and land. Types of amphibians ranging from the most commonly known was kodak and frogs, the caecilians (a kind of large worms or eel).

The Richness Of Amphibians Indonesia. According to the IUCN, Indonesia became one of the world's amphibian populations. Total amphibian species that live in Indonesia as much as 392 species with a population most of se Asia. Indonesia with 176 species of amphibians are endemic to the country with the highest number of amphibian species is endemic both in Asia. The number of species listed in the IUCN Redlist had reached 365 species. A fantastic figure.
Barbourula kalimantanensis

Barbourula kalimantanensis was one of the rare amphibians Indonesia

Unfortunately, out of a total number of amphibian species in Indonesia, according to the data of the Global Amphibian Assessment (GAA), 10% of whom are in risk of extinction. IUCN Redlist just noted that the 3 species of amphibians Indonesia are in a status of Critically Endangered (Critical), 10 species in Endangered status (Threatened), and 26 species in the status of Vulnerable (vulnerable).

Concern again, turns out nearly 35% of amphibians Indonesia classified by IUCN in Redlis the status of data deficient (Less Data). That is about one-third of the total species of amphibians Indonesia still has yet to be fully identified, alias has not been known. So there is a little known only from specimens found dozens of years ago without being noticed again the number of the population, living habits, let alone the potential use to humans and the environment.

List Of Amphibians Indonesia. Here's some amphibians with high status of threat based on the IUCN Redlist data.

Indonesia's status as Critically Endangered amphibians:

Duttaphrynus chilli (Sumatra Toad)
Leptophryne cruentata (Bleeding Toad; Red Frog)
Philautus jacobsoni (frog Tree Ungaran)

Amphibians Endangered status in Indonesia

Ansonia latidisca
Barbourula kalimantanensis (Flattened Frog of Borneo)
Callulops kopsteini
Ingerophrynus claviger
Limnonectes arathooni
Limnonectes microtympanum
Oreophryne monticola
Philautus similis
Rhacophorus angulirostris

Learn About The Amphibian Indonesia. It's very unfortunate if then the richness of the biodiversity Indonesia amphibians that is so great it is followed by the level of threat of extinction that also will be very large. Even more sad to mention that we are not concerned with impressing the wealth. The evidence, among all the number of species of amphibians which belonged to Indonesia, only one response that has been just fine. Will they become extinct before we know it?, I hope not!.

Scientific classification: Kingdom: Animalia. Phylum: Chordata. Class: Amphibia.

Jonggring Saloko Beach

Jonggring Saloko beach is one of outstanding natural tourism in Malang Regency. The Located Jonggring Saloko Beach is 11 km from the Office of Donomulyo district which Gondangtowo village at side ends south.

Geographical Jonggring Saloko Beach, located in the village of Gondangtowo, district Donomulyo of Malang Province of East Java-Indonesia. Jonggring Saloko Beach are in the region of the South coast of Java island adjoining the beaches are tourist destinations already famous "Ngliyep" Beach which is the next to its East and the "Modangan" beach in bronzes.


Source "Broos" pictures from Info Kepanjen
"Broos" derived from the Javanese language which means that water gushed. Jonggring Saloko Beach in fact is very beautiful and attractive as a place of recreation, which contained several locations, one of which is the existence of a 'Brooss ', i.e. the occurrence of Broos waves hit the rocks and water can cause sound ' and ' sea water Broos can emanates from the stone above an altitude of 10 meters from the sea level.

Soft Sand
Source Soft sand picture from Info Kepanjen

We will find the soft sand on one of the beaches that are in the Jonggring Saloko the beach. Swim and play sand you can do here after happy enjoying the beauty that we encounter. Sand bathing, joking around with family on the beach that has soft sand is make us happy.

Route to the Jongring Saloko beach which also belongs to the still very challenging, because it passes through the cobbled streets as well as in the trees in the around road, so the Jonggring Saloko beach  moment is perfect for day trips while enjoying a unique journey.

Source : Info Kepanjen.

Gili Trawangan – An Island of Million Enchantment in Lombok

This is Lombok in Indonesia, exotic island in Nusa Tenggara Barat (NTB) which is one prove of the natural beauty of Indonesian Archipelago. Not only the sea and stunning beaches, culture and customs which still maintained by the communities are also still attractive.
A few days ago, President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono inaugurated the international airport of Lombok. But it does not necessarily increase the potential of tourism in Lombok which is all this time beneath the shadow of Bali island. Though many potential regions and traditions of local people become the main destination for tourists around the world. 
One of the main destination for tourists Gili Trawangan Island which has been well-known to foreign tourists as well as the Sade traditional village viable for your visit. The trip to Gili Trawangan by motor boat takes only 20 minutes from Bangsal Port.

Bangsal Port which located in Kecamatan Pemenang, North Lombok, NTB is the gateway for tourists both domestic and overseas, which will lead to three dykes, Gili Air, Gili Meno, and Gili Trawangan. From the center city of Mataram, there are two paths that can be passed, the first passing Lane along the West coast of Lombok with good streets and quite extensive, while the second pathway is through Pusuk Forest Zone, filled with hundreds of monkeys. The course was good, but somewhat narrow.
The time needed from downtown to the port approximately half an hour by private vehicles. Once inside the gate that read “Welcome to Bangsal”, you will find a light blue shirt Transportation Agency officers guarding the parking lot. Here, the officers should be directing the tourists to the parking lot, though the distance between the parking lot and harbor is about 300 meter away. In the parking lot there standby cidomo (cikar-dokar-mobil) ready to take tourists to the Port. It appeared in the parking lot there is also the duty of the officers, there you can negotiate with the officers so that cars can go up to the port by paying Rp 20.000.

Gili Trawangan is one of the three exotic island besides Gili Meno and Gili Air which became a tourist destination in Lombok. The beauty of white extended sandy beach and the stunning scenery attracted the tourists to keep coming. Not much can be done on this island, the daily activities are water sports such as diving, snorkelling around the island by bicycle or walking, or just relaxing while enjoying views of the beach. In the afternoon many people gathered in the west of the island to watch the sunset, the place called the sunset view.
Satisfied with the coast and sea, tourists are able to know better the indigenous people of Lombok, the Sasak tribe in Sade Village, who still maintain their tradition strong. Like wooden houses roofed with the leaves of straw, making weaving cloth, famous Sade village, and of course the most unique one is floor house covered with sewage.

No one indeed the movement of tourism awareness in Sade Village. The aim is only one, to attract more tourists and empower local residents. One more tourists’ destination in Indonesia worth a visit. Enjoying the natural charm of Lombok and learn cultural values.


Toward Gili Trawangan from Lombok Island can be reached by various means, commonly used are crossing boats from the Port of Bangsal. To reach the port itself you need a taxi from the airport of Selaparang, Lombok which cost around 100000 rupiahs. But be careful with the offers of taxi at the exit point. Walk a bit to the main road outside the port and then take the BlueBird taxi.

Usually the driver will give you two choices of routes to the Port of Bangsal, namely through the middle lane and the coastal lane. Beach lane (jalur pantai) is the road surpass the outskirts of the west of Lombok among others Senggigi, Pura Batu Bolong and several view points with beautiful beaches. I suggest you choose this route, the road is better and smooth relatively, but if you choose the middle lane you will pass the forest monkey or known by Baun Pusuk.

Plants useful for the health of Indonesia

Plants useful for the health of Indonesia
The roots of deciduous plants kelor nutritious as urine, sputum, or said to cure coughs, menstrual, is said to be an appetite enhancer, and reliever seizures.

Seed kelor nutritious vomiting. The seeds are ripe and dry kelor containing pterigospermin more concentrated to be germisida.

Research results Madsen and Dchlundt and Grabow and coauthors shows that the cocoa powders were able to quell the bacteria kelor Escherichia coli, Streptococcus faecalis and Salmonella typymurium. Thus in Africa, the seeds are exploited for detecting kelor water pollution by bacteria-bacteria. Here's how, that is to deposit the murky waters that allegedly polluted, then sprinkled with cocoa powder as much as 200 mg kelor/liter and stir until dissolved.

Plants useful for the health of Indonesia
The skin of the Queen of all Tropical fruits (Queen of The Tropic Fruits) can generate xanthone compounds, i.e. substances which are formed from the mangosteen fruit skin insulation. Was reaching 123,97 mg/ml. Xanthone has a bitter taste and antioxidant activity. Xanthone compounds can ward off free radicals and prevent damage to the cell so that cell degeneration process hampered. Moreover, today, we're getting a lot of contaminated by chemical materials, substances and pollutants of imitation, and it's all been inevitable. In addition Xanthone not just as antioxidants, but also anticancer. Recently scientists also are testing the potential of the mangosteen as a medicine skin of HIV. The following 34 Fact benefits the skin manggis, Bali:

1. Anti-fatigue (energy booster-powering)
2. Powerful anti-inflammatory (prevents inflammation/anti inflammation)
3. the Analgesic (pain/prevent pain prevents nerve)
4. Anti-ulcer (stomach and bowel, mouth ulcers)
5. Anti-depressant (low to moderate/prevent moodiness)
6. Anxyolytic (anti-anxiety effect/prevent anxiety, panic & anxiety)
7. Anti-Alzheimerian (helps prevent dementia/prevent penyegah Alzheimeria)
8. Anti-tumor and cancer prevention (shown to be capable of killing cancer cells/prevent cancer)
9. Immunomodulator (helps the immune system/immune system)
10. Anti-aging (Anti Aging)
11. Anti-oxidant (Waste toxic/toxic in the body)
12. Anti-viral (kills germs)
13. Anti-biotic (modulates bacterial infections)
14. Anti-fungal (prevents fungal infections/infections by fungi)
15. Anti-seborrheaic (prevents skin disorders/mencantikkan skin)
4. Anti-lipidemic (blood fat/cholesterol lowering waste)
17. Anti-atherosclerotic (prevents hardening of arteries)
18. Cardioprotective (protects the heart/to heart)
19. Hypotensive (blood pressure lowered blood pressure lowering/)
20. Hypoglycemic (anti-diabetic effect, helps lower blood sugar/decrease in blood sugar)
21. Anti-obesity (helps with weight loss/kuruskan Agency)
22. Anti-arthritic (prevention of arthritis/bone pain barring)
11. Anti-osteoporosis (helps prevent the loss of bone mass/fragile bones)
24. Anti-periodontic (prevents gum disease/bloody gums barring)
25. Anti-allergenic (prevents allergic reaction)
26. Anti-calculitic (prevents kidney stones/rocks barring)
27. Anti-pyretic (fever lowering/lower temperature badab)
28. Anti-Parkinson (parkinson's nerve disease)
29. an Anti-diarrheal (prevent diarrhea)
30. Anti-neuralgic (reduces nerve pain/pain nerve)
31. Anti-vertigo (prevents dizziness)
32. Anti-glaucomic (prevents glaucoma/eye pain)
33. Anti-cataract (prevents cataracts)
34. Pansystemic (has a synergistic effect on the whole body/offset the entire body)

Plants useful for the health of Indonesia
Alternate name: Soursop (United Kingdom), Corossol or Anone (France), Zuurzak (Netherlands) and guanábana (Spanish) (Portuguese), graviola, Brazilian Paw Paw, Corossolier, Guanavana, Toge-Banreisi, Durian, Jackfruit blanda, Bengal and Jackfruit londa. Soursop fruit Nutrition content is as follow:
Soursop fruit composed of 67.5 percent meat fruit, fruit Peel, 20 per cent and 8.5 per cent fruit seeds, and 4 percent fruit.

The results of research universities in Indonesia to prove if a magic tree and its fruit is able to:

1. attack the cancer cells with safe and effective in nature, without the nausea, weight loss, hair loss, as it did on the chemo therapy.

2. Protect your immune system and prevent the deadly infection.

3. increased Energy and physical performance improves.

4. effectively targeting and killing evil from 12 different types of cancers, including colon cancer, breast, prostate, lung, and pancreas.

5. Power it works 10,000 times stronger in slowing the growth of cancer cells compared with adriamycin and chemo therapy is commonly used.

6. Unlike the chemo therapy, juice it selectively only hunt down and kill the bad cells and does not harm or kill healthy cells.
Resep2 traditional medicine with soursop sbb

1. the treatment of cancer.
10 sheets soursop leaves boiled with old-3 glasses of water to the remaining 1 Cup, drink 2 times per day for 2 weeks. This he says his nature leaves soursop like chemotherapy, even
more great again because only kills cells in leaf cells of soursop are abnormal and allow cells to grow cells that grow normally.

2 Lumbago.
20 sheets soursop leaves, boiled with 5 glasses of water to boil down to tinggal3 glass, drink 1 time a day, 3/4 cups.

3. Infant Diarrhoea.
The fruit is ripe-soursop. Soursop fruit squeezed and filtered water, diminumkan to take on the infant diarrhoea as much as 2-3 tablespoons.

4. Ambeien.
The soursop fruit is ripe. Wring the water as much as 1 to take the glasses, drink 2 times a day, morning and afternoon.

5. Abscess.
Soursop leaves young to taste, stick in a place exposed to ulcers.

6. Anyang-anyangen.
Soursop is half cooked and sugar to taste. Soursop peeled and boiled with sugar together with as many as 2 glasses of water, filtered and drunk.

7. Sick Urine Bladder.
Soursop fruit half Cook, sugar and salt to taste. All such material is made of cooked in coconut milk. Eaten plain, and conducted routinely every day for 1 week in a row.

8. diseases of the Liver. Fast food, just drink juice soursop for 1 week

9. Eczema and Arthritis. Mashed leaves soursop and paste until smooth in part that hurts

10. Flower soursop may be used for curing cataracts


If you are visiting Ternate, North Maluku, it is not complete when it is not self made a stop by the tourism Lake Tolire. The Lake is located about 10 km from the Centre of the town of Ternate, in addition to its unique also has an interesting legend. Lake Tolire is located under the foot of Mount Gamalama, the highest volcano in North Maluku. The lake itself is composed of two pieces. Local people call it Lake Tolire Lake Tolire is big and small. The distance between the two is only about 200 meters.

Of the two lakes, Lake Tolire Big has its own uniqueness. It resembles a giant roasting tin. From the top edge to the surface of the water of the Lake with a depth of about 50 meters and an area of approximately 5 hectares. While the depth of the lake itself is unknown. Until now there hasn't been a measure of the depth of the Lake. But according to ancestral stories, depth meter road and directly related to the sea.

A large fresh water Lake Tolire with assorted fish living there. Local residents, however, no one dared to catch fish or bathing in the Lake. They believed that the lake water is yellowish brown, inhabited by many stealth crocodile.

The uniqueness of this lake is about throwing something into the Lake, however strong throw by using stones or other objects, for example, would never touch the water of the Lake. When the throw from the edge of the Lake, the lake water is visible under the feet of the pitcher. Perhaps they were the first visit to the Lake, it is not going to believe with that fact.

Geography Of Indonesia

The Republic of Indonesia known as RI or Indonesia is a country in Southeast Asia, is located on the Equator and between Asia and Australia as well as between the Pacific and the Indian Ocean. Due to its location between two continents and two oceans, he is also known as Nusantara (Archipelago Between). Comprising 17,508 Islands, Indonesia is the world's largest archipelago nation.

With a population of 222 million in 2006, Indonesia is the fourth largest country in the world and the biggest Muslim country in the world, although officially it is not an Islamic State. Indonesia is a Republic form of Government, with the House of representatives and the President is directly elected. The nation's capital is Jakarta. Indonesia shares land borders with Malaysia on the island of Borneo, with Papua New Guinea on the island of New Guinea and East Timor on the island of Timor. Other neighboring countries are Singapore, the Philippines, Australia, and the Union territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands in India.

History of Indonesia heavily influenced by other Nations. Islands of Indonesia became an important trade region since at least since the 7th century, when Srivijaya religious and trade relations with China and India. The kingdoms of Hinduism and Buddhism have been growing in the early centuries CE, followed the traders brought Islam, as well as various European powers fought each other to monopolize the trade in spices of Maluku during the era of ocean exploration. After approximately 350 years of colonial rule Netherlands, Indonesia declared its independence at the end of World War II. Later Indonesia got the challenges of natural disasters, corruption, separatism, the process of democratization and a period of rapid economic change.

The Agricultural Potential Of Indonesia

The Agricultural Potential Of Indonesia
Indonesia said the country's Jambrut at the equator, “gemah Ripah Lohjinawi” said the Javanese. I think that is the case, if we look at the 2010 – 2014 renstra agricultural potential, particularly in the areas of Indonesia, an agricultural farming potential of What Indonesia?
Proverbial stick of bamboo so plants, people say our soil ground of heaven,
This review I for some upload phase, given the potential for such a large number of agricultural Indonesia.

1. The agricultural potential of Indonesia's first : biodiversity and Agroekosistem.

Indonesia has the potential of natural resources, including the germplasm, which overflows (mega biodiversity). Bio-diversity of terrestrial Indonesia is the largest number two in the world after Brazil, whereas when including marine biodiversity, Indonesia is the largest number one in the world. This can be seen with the various types of agricultural commodities in food crops, horticulture, orchards and farms which have long sought as a source of food and income for the community. A supported plurality of biodiversity of today with the distribution of geographical conditions of the low and high; abundance of sunshine and rainfall intesitas almost evenly throughout the year in most regions; as well as a plurality of types of soils allows today's preserved various types of plants and animals native to the tropics, as well as the commodity introduction of tropical sub areas evenly throughout the year in Indonesia.
Variety and magnitude of the number of germplasm of plants and animals, both native to the tropics and the introduction of the commodities that have to adapt to the tropical climate, on the other side is the source of genetic material that can be engineered to produce superior crop varieties and klone and the cattle.
The agricultural potential of Indonesia, much utilized by other countries such as Netherlands, France, America etc in getting germplasm among other seed-seed farm, in the implementation of the checklist has been developed to form agricultural seeds industry. Most of the productnya was brought to the land of the Westerner. This is based on information from the workforce (native Indonesians)

2. The agricultural potential of Indonesia in the second agricultural : lands Indonesia has the potential availability of land big enough and not yet utilized optimally. Data from academic studies carried out by the Directorate General of Land and Water Management, Ministry of agriculture in 2006 showed that the total land area of Indonesia's 202 million ha, is divided into 123 million ha (64.6 percent) is the cultivation and the remaining 67 million ha (35.4 percent) is a protected area. Of the total cultivated area, potentially to an agricultural area 101 million ha, including wetlands covering an area of 25.6 million ha, dry land crop season 25.3 million ha and dry land crops yearly 50.9 million ha. Until recently, the area of agriculture, potentially to an already cultivated into agricultural area by 47 million ha, so that the remaining 54 million ha of potentially agricultural area for the expansion.

3. The agricultural potential of Indonesia a third much more, if there's time to look at a very famous natural beauty of this.
Number of extents and the distribution of forests, rivers, swamps and lakes as well as rainfall is quite high and evenly throughout the year was a natural potential to meet the needs of water for agriculture
If managed properly. Reservoirs, dams, water and soil as well as embung surface water as well as other very potential for supporting the development of agricultural enterprises.
Source : picture private colection by Digital Camera Sonny
Agricultural potential is very comforting to Indonesia, at the break we need entertainment amongst the bustle of the Office. Moreover, for the tourists very need fresh green scenery of the nan as the eye can see, the green of the tropical plants there is a very impressive second to none in the world.

Maximum Fruitless Coffee

Coffee plants are very fertile in the tropics

"That's the impact of the high rainfall," said a resident in the village of Sidomulyo Subdistrict Sumbermanjing answers the question "I Love Indonesia" about the lack of fruit masel coffee coffee plants generated there, whereas the tree looks thrives. Under normal circumstances, the fruit of the coffee will be lined up along the coffee tree branches. Are the fruit of the coffee that is not how much menggerombol. Even among them already damaged before it is picked.

The village that administratively enter Sidomulyo Subdistrict Sumbermanjing are at an altitude of 375 m above sea level. Geomorfologinya is a hilly and steep around areas adjacent to the South seas, namely Indonesia Ocean/Indian Ocean. Geologically, the area is composed of limestone rock formations which seen intermittent alternating volcanic rock. Even among discovered also a kind of metamorphic rock. The soil is relatively lush vegetation cover in the form of agriculture with plantation.

As in thepost-– right before, that the area was producing plantation area of clove, coconut, coffee, banana, mangosteen, durian, and some other agricultural products. The area is also rich in minerals and minerals. Extreme rainfall as a result of global climate disruption "La Nina" plantation down, resulting in a product like coffee. It appears powerful influence of the climate (in this case to the high rainfall) to the development of plant fertilization, coffee plantation is no exception.

Coffee grown in the village there are two types, namely robusta and Arabica coffee. But that seems to dominate the robusta coffee plant plantation residents. There have since robusta featuring smaller than Arabica coffee is easier treatment and soil pests and diseases.

The Hill Remains in Mining Area

 Natural phenomena Indonesia
There are at least three places ever see related phenomena in the picture on the side. The remaining hills in the area of the phenomena of mining. All three are on the karst. Two phenomena in the former mining Limenstone in district Pagak and in district Kalipare. Being the third one, as shown in the figure on the side, found at the site of mining piropilit which is currently still actively exploited in Sumbermanjing. All three were in the stands foursquare like the thumb who raised up to the peak of overgrown by vegetation.

"I Love Indonesia" only suspect that the rest of it occurred because the constituent rocks that form the rest of it has a high level of violence. Mine workers were leaving for granted because it remains Hill steel equipment they use unable tore and destroyed the Hill. Even according to the word that, for the rest of the Subdistrict's remains solid despite Pagak around it were demolished using dynamite. Hence how the rock hardness according to Moh scale? What minerals that make up the rocks?

As we know together that to declare the hardness minerals, experts often use the Moh scale is expressed with numbers from 1 to 10. One example, a scale of 1 to 2, the scale of mineral talk to gypsum, calcite scales, scale 3 to 4 to scale, the scale of 5 to fluorit apatit, ortoklas, scale 6 to 7 scale for quartz, the scale of 8 to 9 scale, topas for corundum, and scale of 10 for diamonds (Understanding Earth in Adi Susilo, 2010). Take only the next mineral Quartz.

This new Mineral quartz can be divided when using steel-fisted. So what's the rest of the Hill many contain quartz? Could be, because in the piropilit quarry in the vicinity that piropilit itself also contains Quartz. Piropilit and quartz are both in a group of silicate minerals. Nevertheless not closed presumably Hill rest contains corundum, considering there is corundum can also happen in the process of metamorphosis in batugamping. What's piropilit has a similar color with corundum. Color of corundum is gray, blue, pink, red, yellow, green, and violet (red-violet), or black.

Even in its site,, Roger Weller also describe the sample images that are brown corundum, in addition to pink. So the violence there in the hills of the minerals that it remains in the scale of 9? Then the next question is, why if it's not all alleged corundum taken? What they don't know? Or what because it is not economical? That's a series of questions that might be able to gain many more questions can be asked. Practically it should take some of the remains were then tested in the laboratory of physical and chemical carefully.

The result is definitely known, mineral-what is contained in the rest of it and obtained the conclusion that the mineral sebab-musababnya was abandoned just asthe rest of the Hill.

Flower Soka In Indonesia

Soka Flower Indonesia native plants
I am interested with this flower because of three things. First, this vibrant and growing interest around the neighborhood where I live, including in my workplace. Second, there's never been a friend recommends trying in the field of mass planting flowers soka. Third, when I was a child his nose had conceded this fruit plants soka.

The flower is a lot of life around the neighborhood where I live. Once out of the House, my gaze has always been disuguni by Red meronanya flowers of this shrub vegetation endearing. His Latin name plant Ixora Sp. This flowering year-round, although never taken care of though. From my observation that glimpse, soka can live on land with the State of the type of sharing the weight though, i.e. on the textured clay or even a textured clay.

Initially I assumed it only live on the island of Java. It turns out that according to, soka spread not only in Java but is also found in Sumatra island and the island of ternate in the name of the area respectively. Soka consists of two types.  

According to, two types of soka soka it is native to Java (Ixora Javanica) and soka hybrid. Three examples of soka Ixoca Coccinea hybrid that is, Ixoca, and Ixoca Chinensis Fulgen. Soka local (see picture) of the original Java height can reach more than 4 m. Circumference of the base of the stem can reach 40 cm. 

Rods of this dark-colored dikotil that sometimes accompanied spots by lichens are much attached to the stem, branches, and twigs with a taproot. Its relatively hard. The shape of the leaves tapering to the size of the maximum length of 2 cm and a width of 24, leaves the Central 9, 6 cm. The color red flowers with clustered. Being for soka hybrid in all things, its size is smaller.  

The advantages of a hybrid color flowers are more soka varied and easily cultivated. The color of flowers there are hybrid soka red, Orange, pink, yellow, etc.

In his speech, explains that this in addition to having the soka a beautiful flower, as well as nutritious as new drug cuts by mashing the smooth stems and roots that then smeared onto the injured. Are chemical content of soka it is saponim and flavonoida.

Among the public, plants the soka often as an ornamental plant. The ornamental plant hobbyists often put him in the gardens as outdoor plant because it is all about soka living in the open, although it can also be used as an ornamental plant in the room (indoor). In addition, clumps of flowers soka often used by some communities to flower sow. As the flower blooms soka often sow, mixed with rose, jasmine, ylang ylang flower, flower kanthil, etc.  

The flower is the flower which sow by some communities for studded in certain places, for example, in the Tomb or for a certain ritual activities. It needs a flower soka for these activities is relatively high. Meanwhile supply is not balanced. It caused the pengepul flowers soka should get around to different villages to seek such interest from House to House. Yet many people are mengebunkan these flowers specifically as a plant holtikultura.  

Lantara was a friend of mine a while nyeletuk, offered me to mengebunkan soka. "But the soka required to interest the local soka original sow is, not that small it (IE not soka hybrid). Soka is small it does not conduct "says a friend. "Later if successful, let me know. My friends who will buy the merchant rates sow crops flower sokanya results. I've tried to harvest, but to no avail "imbuh a friend. Initially I was interested.  

Thought I, land in front of the libraries of the school and in some other place that allows planting soka. Was reflected in the mind, the land of sleep in front of the library was later so flushed by flower soka, students who participated in extracurricular landscaping can be new knowledge and experience, in addition to later be revenue from the sale of flowers. However the shadow that I break myself after a friend had said to flower sow.  

Although secretly I trying to harvest them in the House that I live to add to the collection of ornamental plants. Venture planting I did using the cuttings of the stem. In this way that I did so to find the fruit is not as easy to find the flowers. In addition there have when planting soka can by using the way stem cuttings. But what happened? It turned out the way that I did not succeed. Rod's on the ground that the soka it dries.

I was surprised when I was a kid can find fruit soka to created toys and then put the nose which was lodged in the nostrils. Father-in-law had panicked. Father-in-law did not dare to remove it from fruit soka nostril grandson, although he was a paramedic who work operate on patients. Often doing surgery. It turns out that paramedics are also human beings. Deal with patients that there is no blood link directly can toughen up, but once faced his grandson's own conditions of different psychological novels.


A picture listed kaolin cliffs on the side of the upright is a cliff as high as more or less 2, 40 m, composed of minerals kaolin. Cliff kaolin was formed because of outcrops made man. The cliff is land belonging to residents in it there are building homes and yards. The cliff is located in the village of kaolin Kedungbanteng Subdistrict Sumbermanjing, Malang.  

That's one of the locations of field-college students majoring in Physics-Geology/Geophysics study programs FMIPA  Brawijaya University (UB) Malang, East Java. College square is guided directly by the Chairman of the Department of physics/Geophysical Studies Program, Adi Susilo, P.Hd on Sunday, June 12, 2011. In the activity of this Adi Susilo, p. Hd invites principal SMAN 1 Sumbermanjingwetan Drs. Ibnu Harsoyo and Senior Teacher of SMAN 1 Pagak to subjects geography of Iswahyudiharto, S.Pd.

Minerals Kaolin, kaolin (Al2O32SiO4.2 H2O) is one example of high-quality, software, and not plastis. The minerals constituting is kaolinit, nakrit, and little violence between 2-2.5 and the weight of its kind 2.6-autoconf. As it appears on the image, the color of the minerals it is white, gray, white and pinkish.  

In addition there is also a kaolin that is colored gray, yellowish, or pinkish. Deposits of kaolin goes through weathering and decomposition of igneous and metamorphic rock rich in aluminum silicates (gramit, greissen, and porfiri quartz). Deposit of kaolin can also occur by the process of kaolinisasi on the rocks of the felsfatik, where the mineral potash minerals-silicates and aluminium feldspar was changed to kaolin.

When a student asked the owner of the benefits of kaolin, land which is above the cliff suddenly said, "to paint Yes Sir". It is true, one of the benefits of kaolin in everyday life is for the manufacture of paint. In addition, kaolin was also utilized for ceramics; refractory materials; porcelain; the material mix in the paper industry, textile, rubber, pharmaceuticals, shoe Polish, toothpaste, compounds, and other chemical industries; as well as the plaster walls. Remember! Refractory used in making a shuttle belonging to the United States it comes from kaolin.

Difference Igneous Out Products Of Mount Semeru and Kelud

The lithosphere is derived from lithos and sfer/fer/faira. Lithos meaning stone and fer means layers. Thus the lithosphere means rock. Is the science that study it's Geology. A branch of Geology which studies rocks is called Petrology. The branch of Geology which studies the minerals or mineral is called Mineralogy. Was the study of crystals is called Kritalogi. 

The lithosphere is often called the skin of the Earth/Earth's crust (crust). The parent of all the rocks in the lithosphere is the magma (molten rock). According to the process of occurrence and its formation, the rock in the face of the Earth are classified into three groups of rocks. Rocks-rocks are:

1. igneous rocks
2. rocks of sedimentary deposits/(other rock)
3. Metamorphic Rocks

Igneous rocks (igneous rock rock) is a rock that is formed because the magma freezes through a process of cooling. Based on the freezing of magma, igneous is distinguished into three kinds, namely: 

Igneous in (inner igneous rock rock) is formed in igneous magma (batholit), located deep within the Earth and having the process cooling in a very long time. The rock is often called the rocks the rocks of the abisis plutonic rocks/.
  1. igneous korok/gang/porfirik (' korok'igneus rock or hypabyssal rock) are the igneous rocks formed in the korok/gang/the pipes drain a volcano (in diatrema) or in the formation of other intrusion.
  2. igneous out/efusif (outer igneous rock rock/effusive rock) are the igneous rocks formed in the Earth's surface with a relatively quick process of freezing.

For the next study we only leads to igneous. Considering the formation of this rock in a relatively quick, of rocks has its crystal grain characteristics: subtle, even amorphous and partially exposing the holes the former existence of a trapped gas.

One example is andesitic igneous rocks out. Andesite according to Bagja Waluya (2007: 110) was "rock leleran of diorit, fine-grained minerals, the composition mineralnya with diorit, grey". Next Bagja Waluya mentions that the volcano in Indonesia produces rocks andesite lava in the form of piroklastika. A lot of rocks andesite containing hornblende andesite called hornblenda, while many contain piroksin called andesite piroksin.

As such, the two images that according to the rock seems to me is an andesitic rock. The image below is the outer product of igneous mountain most high and most active on the island of Java, i.e. volcanoes Semeru. Characteristics of rock colors gray "kehijau-biruan: java-language". Are the images of the outer product of igneous kelud which shows the typical grey colour rocks andesite. Both volcano is a mountain range in Central Java to the 

East, including on the bow of the Sunda arc--Banda, extract from sirkum the Mediterranean. Even the two volcanoes in East Java province was only a straight km in the past, the rocks of the andesite is used for materials of the temple. One example in candi Penataran at mBlitar. Being at the moment, these rocks are widely used for building foundations, paved roads, as well as speaker for the construction of the concrete. 

Rocks of andesite unsweetened/sheet used for stone decorations on the walls of the settlements are located.