Showing posts with label Religions at Indonesia. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Religions at Indonesia. Show all posts

Religions of the ancient Javanese named Kapitayan


The earliest religion evolved in the archipelago is Kapitayan. A belief that the main patron called adores, "Sanghyang Taya" meaning empty or blank. The Javanese define Sanghyang Taya in one sentence, "tan hit kinaya ngapa" meaning could not be determined-whether its existence. To that end, to be worshipped, Sanghyang Taya recognized the name and nature of the so-called "Tu" or "To", meaning "supernatural power", which are supernatural.

In old Javanese, Sundanese ancient old Malay, the word "taya" meaning empty or empty but that does not mean no. This is the term used to define something that can not be defined, tan got kinaya ngapa, something that could not be seen, nor could any such diangan-angan. It is there but not there.


In the system of Kapitayan so simple this time, Sanghyang Taya could not recognize  except when it appears in the form of supernatural powers called "Tu". "Tu" is an ancient means of discussion threads or cords running. "Tu" is considered as a possible personal Sanghyang Taya.

"Tu" was known to have major good nature and nature is not good. The good nature of the light and that is not good so dark but in a single unit. "Tu" is good called TUHAN (God), and "Tu" is not well called HANTU (Ghost).
TU or TO the Essence is single. One Personal. TU is often called by the name of "Sah Hyang Tunggal". He has two properties, that is good and evil. A TU Favor called "TU-han" referred to by the name of Sanghyang Wenang (Detention). TU  with the Crime called th e name is Sang Manikmaya. As such, The Sanghyang Wenang and The Sanghyang Manikmaya in fact is the nature of  "Sah Hyang Tunggal". Because it is The occult nature of "Sah Hyang Tunggal", Sanghyang Wenang and  Manikmaya cannot be approached with sensory perception and sense of mind. Only known his nature only.
"Tu" can be approached when he appeared in the world in something that there are the words ' tu '. As wa-tu (stone), tu-gu (monument), tu-nggak (sold), tu-nggul (stump), tu-ban (waterfalls) , and so forth, which implies the existence of the supernatural power of "tu" that resides. Usually people's give offerings. This primeval.

A devotee of Sanghyang Taya caleed dharma would be blessed with supernatural powers who are positive (TU-ah) and a negative (TU-lah). Those who have been blessed with TU-ah and TU-lah is considered eligible to become community leaders. They are called ra-TU or dha-TU. Those who have been blessed with TU-ah and TU-lah, what his life will be marked by the PI, the power of the divine secrets  hidden Sanghyang Taya. That's why, ra-TU,  or dha-TU call themselves with the pronouns themselves: "PI-nakahulun". If talking is called "PI-dato". If the hearing is called "PI-har'sha". If knowledge is called PI-wulang. If giving tip called PI-tutur. If hints are called PI-tuduh. If the judge called PI-nemu (idea). If giving firmness is called PI-andel. If the ancestral spirits to provide offerings called PI-tapuja often called a PI-nda (pastry flour), PI-nang, PI-tik, PI-ndodakakriya (rice and water), PI-sang (banana). If the transmitting power is called PI-deksa. If they died is called PI-tara. A ra-TU or dha-TU, is the embodiment of the power of invisibility Sanghyang Taya. A ra-TU is a personal image of the Sahyang Tunggal.

With a prerequisite-prerequisites as broken down in the face of the position of ra-TU and dha-TU is not an absolute kepewarisan. For an ra-TU is required must fundamentally have a TU-TU and ah-lah, cannot be passed on automatically on his descendants. A ra-TU struggled demonstrates excellence and TU TU-ah-lah, with the first being the ruler of a small area called Wizard. Master Wizard was given the appellation Raka. A raka who is able to subdue the power raka-raka to another, then it will occupy the post of ra-TU. Thus, ra-TU (King from java) is a man who really tested his ability, good ability to lead and manage strategy and capabilities Tu-ah and TU-lah..

The influence of Kapitayan in power system with Java the concept ra-TU and "dha-TU", changes when the influence of Hinduism particularly the teachings of Bhagavatism embraced by devotees of Vishnu came to the archipelago. The teachings of Bhagavatism was considered easier in the implementation of the kepewarisan system plus a dinasty, has given the motivation for the Kings of the Archipelago early to adopt Vaishnava.
Though the influence of the Hindu concept of power system rajawi embraced by authorities in the archipelago, but the old system sourced from the Kapitayan is not removed. The presence of the King or the Emperor, i.e., always characterized by Slate as ra-TU or dha-TU. So a King, has been a special place called ' the Palace ' or ' kedhaton ' in addition to the ward and the Castle. In addition, a King is always marked by the ownership of objects that have supernatural powers such as the n.c.-TU, TU-nggul, TU-TU-ya, lang, TO-san, TO, TO-peng, TO-wok, etc. Power system in Indonesia requires the existence of ra-TU with objects  "ber-TU-ah".


Indeed this was adopted by the Kapitayan Wali Songo to spread Islam. Because for 850 years of Islam could not go on among the indigenous majority of adherents of Kapitayan. Because what? Because the muslim merchants tell me that God is seated on the throne, Throne. Why, it's like a man?. Indigenous people who understand the Kapitayan can't take that kind of logic. How the Lord sits, it's the same as humans?


In the teaching of Kapitayan not know gods such as Hinduism and Buddhism. Well, at the time of Wali Songo, the basic principle of Kapitayan as a means to preach and explain to the people that Sanghyang Taya is laisa kamitslihî syai'un, based on the evidence of the Quran and Hadith to mean equal to tan hit kinaya ngapa, something that could not be seen, nor can be considered as any.

Wali Songo also uses the term ' sembahiyang ' and did not use the term prayer. Sembahiyang is worshipping the ' Yang '. Where is it? in the Sanggar. But, the shape class Kapitayan converted into like Gary-Gary (langgar-langgar javanses langauge)  in the village there is a mihrab. Features of this adoption bedhug, Kapitayan. About the teachings of worship do not eat not drink from morning to evening is not termed ' shaum ' because people do not understand but use the term ' upawasa ' then becomes "puasa = poso" fasting.
Those first if you like converted to Islam quite Shahada, then celebrate the sharing of tumpeng. So, always choose Kapitayan for all who enter. Please please could be accepted by Kapitayan when there is a religion that God exists as a human. Because, the unconscious majority society Archipelago will be refused.

Hinduism even when the entry to the archipelago are also selected. Hindu teachings the most followers that time was a Vaishnava, devotee of Vishnu. But because there is a doctrine which States that Vishnu may appear in the human figure it out eventually ousted, replaced the teachings of Shiva who holds that God cannot manifest itself as human beings.