The Charm Of Art Indonesia


Many kinds of carving in Indonesia for example as well as Bali carving, Jepara carving (Java), and Toraja Carving (Sulawesi). 
1. Toraja Carving
Toraja carving t will be based on the language torajans.
The Toraja language is only spoken and have no writing system. To demonstrate the social and religious concepts, torajans woodcarving and call it Pa'ssura (or "writings"). Therefore, woodcarving is the embodiment of Toraja culture.


Each carving has a special name. His motives are usually the plants and animals which symbolize the virtues, such as the aquatic plants as weeds and animals such as crabs and tadpole which symbolizes fertility. The picture left shows an example of Torajan wood carving, consisting of 15 square panels. Bottom center Panel represents Buffalo or wealth, as hopes that a family gained a lot of Buffalo. The Center Panel represents nodes and boxes, an expectation that all descendants of the family will be happy and live in peace, such as items that are stored in a box. Box top left and top right symbolizes the aquatic animals, indicating the need to move fast and hard-working, such as an animal that moves on the surface of the water. This also implies the existence of a need for specific expertise to produce good results.
Pa'tedong Motif
Pa'barre allo motif

Ne'limbongan Motif
Parepo Sangbua motif
Pa'tedong Motif,Parepo sangbua motif, Pa'barre allo motif , Ne'limbongan Motif Regularity and order is common in Toraja wood carving, Toraja wood carving in addition also abstract and geometric. Nature is often used as the basis of Toraja's ornaments, because nature is full of abstraction and geometry are organised. Toraja's ornaments ethnomatematika with the aim of the study reveal the structure of matematikanya although this carving torajans estimates solely based on their own. The Toraja use bamboo to make geometric ornaments.


Toraja in addition to the famous carving or chisel, also fascinates with stunning terrace rice paddy also Rambu solo' , Rambu tuka ' and ma'nene '

2. Bali Carving Motif
The Motif of Bali is one of the motifs of traditional carving that developed on the archipelago. This Motif as well as other traditional motives, closely related to the granting of Royal names in the region. Bali is a motif carved motifs that allegedly is a legacy of Kings or kingdoms have experienced the cultural progress in antiquity. This forms a weak motive of Bali and quivering, rhythmically with his supple, General and authoritative, as if to illustrate the personality of the King and people in General.

It had several motives Bali distinctive features, which can be sorted into two kinds of typical features that are common and that is special.


General characteristics:

Bali has all the forms of Motif carvings of leaves, flowers and fruit in the form of a convex and concave. It can be said that the motive of Bali is a mixed motive which has a concave and convex forms between.


Special features:

1. Angkup on motives of Bali as well as on other motives, has a Loopy on one end.

2. Sunggar is only present on the motives of Bali. This growing form of sunggar from the benangan on the leaves curl staple.

3. This motif is Endong leaves that grow behind the leaves, as well as ending the Pejajaran motif and motif of Majapahit.

4. Simbar motif as there is on Bali motifs and motifs Majapahit Pejajaran with its typical shape. Simbar was in front of the base of the leaf points following the shape of the plot, thus forming the overall harmony on this motif.

5. Leaves that grow on the motif Trubus is growing at the top of a dome-shaped leaf that forms the subject matter is curved with beauty.

6. Benangan on motives of this shape is special or distinctive. Benangannya convex-shaped and angled in part. Benangan grew up in the circular curls.

7. these Fractions as well as on other motives, have broken lines that propagates at staple and fractional cawen leaves in the leaf carving patran, so can add harmony and wonderful form of carving.


3.Jepara Carving
Typical of jepara carving ciris is carved of translucent. This much we encounter in household furniture from Jepara, such as a desk chair, closet, bed etc.


The ability of the community in the field of wood carving Aristocrat also tinged with legend. Narrated, in antiquity is an artist named Ki Sungging Adi Luwih who live in a Kingdom. The fame of artists is heard by the King who then ordered the Queen image. Long story short, KiSungging successfully complete orders well. Yet when he'll add black hair, terpeciklah black ink on the groin of the image so that it appears as the Queen Mole. These images are then submitted to the King was very impressed with the work of Ki Sungging.


But the King also was suspicious because he saw there was a mole in the groin. The King guessed Ki Sungging has doubled to see naked wives. Therefore the King intends to punish Ki Sungging by making a sculpture in the air by the kite rise. At the time allowed ki Sungging up kite to bring refurbishment chisel to create a statue of the Empress.
But due to the wind is blowing very hard, the statue was finally carried away half so wind and crashed on the island of Bali. It was eventually discovered by the people of Bali, so that local people are now known as an expert makes sculpture. While carving tools fall behind the mountain and it is in this area of Jepara carving began to develop.


Regardless of the legend and history, the art of carving has only now been able to flourish and even is one part of the "breath of life and the pulse of the economy" community Jepara.



Previous
Next Post »
2 Komentar