The Dilemma Of Balinese Tourism

The dilemma of tourism towards the survival of nature and culture of Bali has been feared by scholars since the 1930s.

During this time Bali tourism now with the intervention of outside parties: in the days of the colonial Netherlands parties and a handful of other foreigners, and in the days of the independence of the Central Government (aided local bureaucrats) along the great financier of Bali. The local population and its culture are seen as mere commodities or objects: provider of cultural attractions — become a spectacle — and healthcare service providers. Planning and management of not being a portion of local involvement. Until now these patterns continue to run. The latest example is the pembabatan area of the protected forest in the area of Bedugul hotels for permission from Jakarta pocketed unbeknownst to local people; also plan to build Geothermal power plants that are suspected of being part of the scenario for the development of extensive land mastery resort although obviously got widespread rejection of the community.

No denying that today's tourism economy brought blessing to Bali, though uneven because there is a small group of local people who get big portions. But in General, because the effect of the multiplier, an increase in per capita income or purchasing power of the people. The influx of large effect on increasing the financiers of the number and quality of tourism as well as a means of supporting facilities including the repair of roads in Bali that ensure a smooth economic activities in General. Likewise the industry support or follow-up is thriving.

Increased income per capita by Balinese allocated in fulfillment of the needs of modern life, such as ancillary costs of education, transportation, and other modern products. As humans generally people of Bali have also aroused by the thought of temptation goods consumerism. And of course some allocated on the Customs and rituals of religious activities, including the inside of the performing arts. The pattern of life in two worlds is pressing for the Balinese people always have money. The reliance of tourism to Bali in Bali modern survival has been such a big. Tourism has become the main flagship, replacing agriculture and small industry.

Meanwhile, the Balinese people also watched and felt the drastic changes that are going on around them, especially since the tourism boom of the 1980s. Impact-the impact they see is the shift in land-agricultural land into a residential and tourist areas; Sea, Lake and river terpolusi; the volume of rubbish especially inorganic risen sharply; energy and clean water dispersed-scatter them; the increasing population density in part by an influx of migrants from outside the island of Bali, foreign and domestic; as well as rising crime, misuse of alcohol and drugs, and the spread of HIV/AIDS. Not to mention other problems-problems, and are still buried under the surface. The number of people of Bali are starting to fall into behaviors that jeopardize and violation of the law has also increased.

More recently, since 2003 following the 2002 Bali bombing, appeared a discourse is widespread now Are called Bali. A discourse on the essence of the emerging concern or confusion is Balinese people see a variety of negative situations that occurred in Bali, including fears of Balinese people becoming a minority in the island due to the rush of immigrants from other islands, especially Java and Lombok. Act No. 22/1999 and PP No. 25/2000 on autonomous region that focuses on regional level II also feared could destabilize Bali as a unity of nature and culture for interpretations and different interests from existing counties in Bali. So there's still a discourse-a discourse that Bali had special autonomy which is autonomous in the provincial level (see Tim Framers Bali Post 2004).

The impact or influence of tourism on the culture of Bali by researchers described as negative and positive. The negative impact is the occurrence of commercialization, commodification and profanisasi that leads to penggerusan; medium impact result terpacunya creativity art culture is the local population to meet the interests of tourism (see Ruastiti, 2005; Ardika 2004). In the context of the traditional performing arts of positive and negative influence also occurred. The emergence of real creativity once looks at growing increasingly different types of performance art in Bali including the growing number of actuator artistry, but at the same time some of the sacred Dance ritual procession elements including having profanisation due to begin its premiere to tourists.

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